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Journal Articles Journal of Industrial Ecology Year : 2015

Sensitivity Analysis of Environmental Process Modeling in a Life Cycle Context: A Case Study of Hemp Crop Production

Abstract

The aim of this article is to develop a methodological approach allowing to assess the influence of parameters of one or more elementary processes in the foreground system, on the outcomes of a life cycle assessment (LCA) study. From this perspective, the method must be able to: (1) include foreground process modeling in order to avoid the assumption of proportionality between inventory data and reference flows; (2) quantify influences of foreground processes’ parameters (and, possibly, interactions between parameters); and (3) identify trends (either increasing or decreasing) for each parameter on each indicator in order to determine the most favorable direction for parametric variation. These objectives can be reached by combining foreground system modeling, a set of two different sensitivity analysis methods (each one providing different and complementary information), and LCA. The proposed method is applied to a case study of hemp-based insulation materials for buildings. The present study will focus on the agricultural stage as a foreground system and as a first step encompassing the entire life cycle. A set of technological recommendations were identified for hemp farmers in order to reduce the crop’s environmental impacts (from –11% to –89% according to the considered impact category). One of the main limitations of the approach is the need for a detailed model of the foreground process. Further, the method is, at present, rather time-consuming. However, it offers long-term advantages given that the higher level of model detail adds robustness to the LCA results.

Dates and versions

hal-01199422 , version 1 (15-09-2015)

Identifiers

Cite

Andy Andrianandraina, Anne Ventura, Tristan Senga Kiessé, Bogdan Cazacliu, Rachida Idir, et al.. Sensitivity Analysis of Environmental Process Modeling in a Life Cycle Context: A Case Study of Hemp Crop Production. Journal of Industrial Ecology, 2015, 19 (6), published online. ⟨10.1111/jiec.12228⟩. ⟨hal-01199422⟩
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