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Influence of effluent organic matter on copper speciation and bioavailability in rivers under strong urban pressure

Abstract : This study focuses on spatiotemporal variations in the type of dissolved organic matter (DOM) and copper binding ability both upstream and downstream of Paris. It also compares the relative influence of both natural DOM upstream of Paris and effluent dissolved organic matter (EfDOM) output from a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) on trace metal speciation and bioavailability in aquatic systems. In addition to the typical high- and low-affinity binding sites, a third family of very high-affinity binding sites has been highlighted for EfDOM. In receiving waters downstream of Paris during low-flow periods, the percentage of high- and very high-affinity sites originating from EfDOM reaches nearly 60 %. According to the speciation computation, the free copper concentration upstream of Paris exceeds the downstream Paris concentration by a factor of 2 to 4. As regards copper bioavailability, the highest EC50tot values were observed for EfDOM and downstream DOM, with a very low aromaticity and low UV absorbance. This finding suggests that specific ultraviolet absorbance (SUVA) is unlikely to be useful in assessing metal speciation and toxicity in aquatic systems subject to strong urban pressures. These results also highlight that the copper speciation computation for surface water exposed to considerable human pressures should include not only the humic and/or fulvic part of dissolved organic carbon but more hydrophilic fractions as well, originating for example from EfDOM. © 2015 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
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Contributor : Frédérique Bordignon Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, December 4, 2015 - 4:55:03 PM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 2:38:11 PM



Z. Matar, C. Soares Pereira, G. Chebbo, E. Uher, M. Troupel, et al.. Influence of effluent organic matter on copper speciation and bioavailability in rivers under strong urban pressure. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, Springer Verlag, 2015, pp.14. ⟨10.1007/s11356-015-5110-6⟩. ⟨hal-01238349⟩



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