Open-channel flow over longitudinal roughness transition from highly submerged to emergent vegetation - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Conference Papers Year : 2015

Open-channel flow over longitudinal roughness transition from highly submerged to emergent vegetation

Écoulement à surface libre avec transition longitudinale de rugosité 'végétation fortement immergée / végétation émergée'

V. Dupuis
  • Function : Author
Sébastien Proust
Céline Berni
André Paquier

Abstract

The understanding of vegetated flows is of primary importance since a new trend in river management consists in restoring rivers and floodplains to their natural form. The present laboratory study focuses on the particular case of a floodplain with a longitudinal roughness step change from highly-submerged dense meadow to emergent rigid stems set on the dense meadow (representing a wood), and vice versa. First, it was found that the flow depth solely varies upstream from the roughness change (but the flume is too short to observe the uniform flow depth at the upstream end of the flume). In this region, the vertical profiles of mean velocity, Reynolds stress and turbulent intensities are self-similar, when the mean streamwise velocity is normalized by the bulk velocity and the turbulent quantities by the shear velocity. Downstream from the roughness step change, the mean flow and turbulent quantities are spatially evolving over longitudinal distances that are about 35 to 50 times the water depth. Second, a simple 1D model is found to accurately predict the longitudinal profile of water depth through the two types of roughness transitions (from meadow to rigid stems and vice versa). Bed-roughness is modelled by Manning's formula and the drag caused by the stems is modelled by a volume force with constant drag coefficient and constant frontal surface per unit area. Results of this model show that the convergence length upstream of the roughness step change, that is necessary to reach the uniform water depth of the upstream roughness, scales with the uniform water depth of the upstream roughness Hup and can be estimated in the present case as 2000 Hup.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
ly2015-pub00045417.pdf (1.78 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin Publisher files allowed on an open archive
Loading...

Dates and versions

hal-01255895 , version 1 (14-01-2016)

Identifiers

Cite

V. Dupuis, Sébastien Proust, Céline Berni, André Paquier, F. Thollet. Open-channel flow over longitudinal roughness transition from highly submerged to emergent vegetation. 36th IAHR World Congress, Jun 2015, La Haye, Netherlands. 9 p. ⟨hal-01255895⟩

Collections

IRSTEA INRAE
123 View
253 Download

Share

Gmail Mastodon Facebook X LinkedIn More