Radar Backscattering Coefficient Over Bare Soils at Ka-Band Close to Nadir Angle - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters Year : 2016

Radar Backscattering Coefficient Over Bare Soils at Ka-Band Close to Nadir Angle

Abstract

The behavior of the Ka-band backscattering coefficient at nadir and close-to-nadir angles for land applications is poorly documented. The measurements made during a ground-based campaign at Ka-band were performed at nadir and close-to-nadir angles over bare soils for different surface roughness and soil moisture conditions. The resulting backscattering levels exhibited a dynamic range of approximately 23 dB at nadir for soil moisture contents between 5% and 50% m3/m3 over both smooth and rough surfaces. These results were then compared to the geometric optics (GO) and millimeter microwave (MMW) models. Generally, GO finely fits the backscattering coefficients close to nadir, and MMW appeared to fit for larger incidence angles or rough surfaces. The results obtained in this letter can address prelaunch science and engineering considerations for the interferometry-altimetry Surface Water and Ocean Topography mission operating at Ka-band.
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Dates and versions

hal-01414537 , version 1 (16-05-2020)

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Christophe Fatras, Pierre Borderies, Nicolas Baghdadi, Mehrez Zribi, Mohammad El Hajj, et al.. Radar Backscattering Coefficient Over Bare Soils at Ka-Band Close to Nadir Angle. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, 2016, 13 (9), p. 1290-1294. ⟨10.1109/LGRS.2016.2582382⟩. ⟨hal-01414537⟩
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