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Quelle stratégie pour une politique de conservation des races locales avicoles ? (Biodiva)

Abstract : Aviary biodiversity has been regressing these past few years with the reduction or even closure of local authority funding towards local breed associations, the non-inclusion of poultry in the Protection of Endangered Breeds (PEB) Program, and the uncontrolled evolution of coancestry for some breeds which lack proper genetic management. The characterization of diversity of local breeds brings new information on genetic management and structural organization, making it possible to build argument to develop proper conservation policies. On the one side, with genealogic data feedback, genetic management tools suitable for local breeds have been set up: choosing breeding stock by balancing improvement of genetic level of selected candidates with stabilization inbreeding rate and designing mating plans while limiting expected coancestry evolution for the next generation. On the other side, PEB Program was adjusted for poultry allowing a financial support for local breeds associations with two measures: one for breeds currently experiencing economic valorization, the other one for breeds experiencing a recovery plan with a limited breeding stock.
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Submitted on : Friday, July 13, 2018 - 8:05:43 PM
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Geoffrey Chiron, Hervé Chapuis, Michele Tixier-Boichard, Gwendal Restoux, Xavier Rognon, et al.. Quelle stratégie pour une politique de conservation des races locales avicoles ? (Biodiva). Innovations Agronomiques, INRAE, 2018, 63, pp.357-371. ⟨10.15454/1.519118989168768E12⟩. ⟨hal-01839198⟩



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