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Control of nerve cord formation by Engrailed and Gooseberry-Neuro: A multi-step, coordinated process

Abstract : One way to better understand the molecular mechanisms involved in the construction of a nervous system is to identify the downstream effectors of major regulatory proteins. We previously showed that Engrailed (EN) and Gooseberry-Neuro (GsbN) transcription factors act in partnership to drive the formation of posterior commissures in the central nervous system of Drosophila. In this report, we identified genes regulated by both EN and GsbN through chromatin immunoprecipitation ("ChIP on chip") and transcriptome experiments, combined to a genetic screen relied to the gene dose titration method. The genomic-scale approaches allowed us to define 175 potential targets of EN-GsbN regulation. We chose a subset of these genes to examine ventral nerve cord (VNC) defects and found that half of the mutated targets show clear VNC phenotypes when doubly heterozygous with en or gsbn mutations, or when homozygous. This strategy revealed new groups of genes never described for their implication in the construction of the nerve cord. Their identification suggests that, to construct the nerve cord, EN-GsbN may act at three levels, in: (i) sequential control of the attractive-repulsive signaling that ensures contralateral projection of the commissural axons, (ii) temporal control of the translation of some mRNAs, (iii) regulation of the capability of glial cells to act as commissural guideposts for developing axons. These results illustrate how an early, coordinated transcriptional control may orchestrate the various mechanisms involved in the formation of stereotyped neuronal networks. They also validate the overall strategy to identify genes that play crucial role in axonal pathfinding.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01918046
Déposant : Archive Ouverte Prodinra <>
Soumis le : vendredi 9 novembre 2018 - 20:03:57
Dernière modification le : mardi 8 décembre 2020 - 09:43:40

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Nathalie Bonneaud, Sophie Layalle, Sophie Colomb, Christophe Jourdan, Alain Ghysen, et al.. Control of nerve cord formation by Engrailed and Gooseberry-Neuro: A multi-step, coordinated process. Developmental Biology, Elsevier, 2017, 432 (2), pp.273-285. ⟨10.1016/j.ydbio.2017.10.018⟩. ⟨hal-01918046⟩

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