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Journal Articles Weed Research Year : 2019

Intraspecific seasonal variation of dormancy and mortality of Phelipanche ramosa seeds

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1
Stéphanie Gibot-Leclerc
Valérie Le Corre
Nathalie Colbach

Abstract

Phelipanche ramosa (Branched broomrape) is an obligate root parasitic plant that is a major pest of oilseed rape in France. Knowledge on seed viability and dormancy under field conditions is crucial to understand how to control P. ramosa, but is as yet unknown. Our study aimed to quantify these processes with a 2‐year seed burial experiment. Two genetically distinct populations of P. ramosa were studied, collected on winter oilseed rape (population O) and hemp (population H). Seed mortality was very low in both populations (4–7% per year). Although obligate parasitic seeds are assumed to germinate only after exposure to germination stimulants from host root exudates, a high proportion of population H seeds germinated spontaneously (up to 90%). Seeds of both populations displayed seasonal dormancy, with timing and magnitude depending on the population. Dormancy was low at the time each native host crop is usually sown. Populations differed in germination dynamics, with seeds of population H germinating faster. The difference in behaviour that we observed between populations is consistent with reported adaptations of pathovars to their preferred hosts. The results indicate that the parasitic plant management requires targeting at the populations concerned. For example, delayed sowing is more promising against population O than against population H.
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Dates and versions

hal-02296253 , version 1 (25-09-2019)

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Olivia Pointurier, Stéphanie Gibot-Leclerc, Valérie Le Corre, Carole Reibel, Florence Strbik, et al.. Intraspecific seasonal variation of dormancy and mortality of Phelipanche ramosa seeds. Weed Research, 2019, pp.1-12. ⟨10.1111/wre.12378⟩. ⟨hal-02296253⟩
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