Use of Systematic, Palaeoflood and Historical data for the improvement of flood risk estimation. Review of scientific methods - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Natural Hazards Year : 2004

Use of Systematic, Palaeoflood and Historical data for the improvement of flood risk estimation. Review of scientific methods

Revue bibliographique de méthodes d'estimation du risque d'inondation basées sur des données hydrométriques, des sources documentaires et des indicateurs géologiques

Abstract

The catastrophic floods recently occurring in Europe warn of the critical need for hydrologic data on floods over long-time scales. Palaeoflood techniques provide information on hydrologic variability and extreme floods over long-time intervals (100 to 10,000 yr.) and may be used in combination with historical flood data (last 1,000 yr.) and the gauge record (last 30-50 yr.). In this paper, advantages and uncertainties related to the reconstruction of palaeofloods in different geomorphological settings and historical floods using different documentary sources are described. Systematic and non-systematic data can be combined in the flood frequency analysis using different methods for the adjustment of distribution functions. Technical tools integrating multidisciplinary approaches (geologic, historical, hydraulic and statistical) on extreme flood risk assessment are presented. A discussion on the potential theoretical bases for solving the problem of dealing with non-systematic and non-stationary data is presented. This methodology is being developed using new methodological approaches applied to European countries as a part of a European Commission funded project (SPHERE).
Les récentes crues catastrophiques en Europe ont renforcé l`intérêt d`exploiter l`information sur les crues anciennes, à partir d`indicateurs géologiques ou de sources documentaires, respectivement sur plusieurs milliers d`années ou siècles. Cet article présente les avancées et limitations de ces approches pour l`estimation du risque d`inondation, en donnant des éléments d`information sur le projet européen SPHERE.

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Dates and versions

hal-02583488 , version 1 (14-05-2020)

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G. Benito, M. Lang, M. Barriendos, M.C. Llasat, F. Francés, et al.. Use of Systematic, Palaeoflood and Historical data for the improvement of flood risk estimation. Review of scientific methods. Natural Hazards, 2004, 31 (3), pp.623-643. ⟨hal-02583488⟩

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