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Extrapolation of rating curves by hydraulic modelling, with application to flood frequency analysis

Abstract : This paper illustrates the importance of taking into account the potential errors in discharge estimation in the assessment of extreme floods. First, a summary of the main difficulties encountered in extrapolating rating curves for flood discharge is provided. Then a sensitivity analysis is carried out using a hydraulic modelling approach, applied to eight Mediterranean catchments, and yielding an envelope curve for the stagedischarge relationship, Q(H). To assess the influence of errors in the flood discharge on the uncertainty in estimating extreme floods, a Bayesian framework including a multiplicative error on the rating curve was applied. Its application on two catchments for which historical data are available for the period (17412004) shows that ignoring the rating curve errors may lead to an unduly optimistic reduction in the final uncertainty in estimation of flood discharge quantiles. Moreover, the quantile values are also affected by taking into account the rating curve errors.
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Submitted on : Friday, May 15, 2020 - 5:18:41 PM
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M. Lang, K. Pobanz, Benjamin Renard, Eloïse Renouf, Eric Sauquet. Extrapolation of rating curves by hydraulic modelling, with application to flood frequency analysis. Hydrological Sciences Journal, Taylor & Francis, 2010, 55 (6), pp.883-898. ⟨10.1080/02626667.2010.504186⟩. ⟨hal-02593439⟩



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