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Ultrasonography as a non-invasive tool for sex determination and maturation monitoring in silver eels

Abstract : In the context of the severe decrease in temperate eel abundance, understanding and control of eel maturation has strong interest for scientific and commercial purposes. Possible use of ultrasonography for improvement of sex determination and maturation monitoring in silver eel was investigated. Gonads of 96 Anguilla anguilla silver eels were observed using portable equipment associated to a 6-15MHz probe, and sex determination was tried before artificial induction of maturation. To estimate gonad mass and monitor individual gonadosomatic index (GSI) in females, cross-sectional images were captured at different times of maturation and gonad length was measured at scanning. Two methods were tried for ovary mass estimation using ultrasonography: one based on a linear model and another on calculating ovary volume from a representation of gonad shape. Ultrasonography resulted in 100% success in sex determination. Ovary mass estimated by ultrasonography was strongly correlated to true ovary mass (R2=0.97). The use of a linear model for gonad mass and then GSI estimation seemed more appropriate than the use of a representation of gonad shape. Evolution of GSI estimates during maturation supports possible detection of early inter-individual differences in maturation using ultrasonography in female silver eels. This non-invasive tool can then obviously be exploited to improve sex determination in silver eels caught in the wild and to monitor maturation at the individual level. Ultrasonography thus has great potential for use in eel both for conservation and aquaculture. To our knowledge, this is the first report on the use of ultrasonography on eels or any anguillid species.
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Submitted on : Saturday, May 16, 2020 - 4:57:50 AM
Last modification on : Monday, October 11, 2021 - 8:58:02 AM


  • HAL Id : hal-02600631, version 1
  • IRSTEA : PUB00042698



Sarah Bureau Du Colombier, Louis Jacobs, Charline Gesset, Pierre Elie, Patrick Lambert. Ultrasonography as a non-invasive tool for sex determination and maturation monitoring in silver eels. Fisheries Research, 2015, 164, pp.50-58. ⟨hal-02600631⟩



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