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Upcycling sunflower stems as natural fibers for biocomposite applications

Abstract : One of the big global, environmental, and socioeconomic challenges of today is to make a transition from fossil fuels to biomass as a sustainable supply of renewable raw materials for industry. Growing public awareness of the negative environmental effects of petrochemical-based products adds to the need for alternative production chains, especially in materials science. One option lies in the value-added upcycling of agricultural by-products, which are increasingly being used for biocomposite materials in transport and building sector applications. Here, sunflower by-product (obtained by grinding the stems) is considered as a source of natural fibers for engineered biocomposite material. Recent results are shown for the main mechanical properties of sunflower-based biocomposites and the socioeconomic impact of their use. This paper demonstrates that sunflower stem makes a good candidate feedstock for material applications. This is due not only to its physical and chemical properties, but also to its socioeconomic and environmental rationales.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02602522
Déposant : Migration Irstea Publications <>
Soumis le : samedi 16 mai 2020 - 07:57:43
Dernière modification le : mercredi 20 mai 2020 - 01:40:42

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  • HAL Id : hal-02602522, version 1
  • IRSTEA : PUB00046747

Citation

J.D. Mathias, A. Alzina, M. Grédiac, Patrick Michaud, P. Roux, et al.. Upcycling sunflower stems as natural fibers for biocomposite applications. Bioresources, North Carolina State University, 2015, 10 (4), pp.8076-8088. ⟨hal-02602522⟩

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