Global Emergence of Anthropogenic Climate Change in Fire Weather Indices - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Geophysical Research Letters Year : 2018

Global Emergence of Anthropogenic Climate Change in Fire Weather Indices

Abstract

Changes in global fire activity are influenced by a multitude of factors including land-cover change, policies, and climatic conditions. This study uses 17 climate models to evaluate when changes in fire weather, as realized through the Fire Weather Index, emerge from the expected range of internal variability due to anthropogenic climate change using the time of emergence framework. Anthropogenic increases in extreme Fire Weather Index days emerge for 22% of burnable land area globally by 2019, including much of the Mediterranean and the Amazon. By the midtwenty-first century, emergence among the different Fire Weather Index metrics occurs for 33-62% of burnable lands. Emergence of heightened fire weather becomes more widespread as a function of global temperature change. At 2 °C above pre-industrial levels, the area of emergence is half that for 3 °C. These results highlight increases in fire weather conditions with human-caused climate change and incentivize local adaptation efforts to limit detrimental fire impacts.

Dates and versions

hal-02608385 , version 1 (16-05-2020)

Identifiers

Cite

J.T. Abatzoglou, P.A. Williams, R. Barbero. Global Emergence of Anthropogenic Climate Change in Fire Weather Indices. Geophysical Research Letters, 2018, 46 (1), pp.326-336. ⟨10.1029/2018GL080959⟩. ⟨hal-02608385⟩
29 View
0 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More