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Differences in BOLD responses in brain reward network reflect the tendency to assimilate a surprising flavor stimulus to an expected stimulus

Abstract : External information can modify the subjective value of a tasted stimulus, but little is known about neural mechanisms underlying these behavioral modifications. This study used flavored drinks to produce variable degrees of discrepancy between expected and received flavor. During a learning session, 43 healthy young men learned 4 symbol-flavor associations. In a separate session, associations were presented again during an fMRI scan, but half of the trials introduced discrepancy with previously learned associations. Liking ratings of drinks were collected and were analyzed using a linear model to define the degree to which discrepant symbols affected liking ratings of the subjects during the fMRI session. Based on these results, a GLM analysis of fMRI data was conducted to determine neural correlates of observed behavior. Groups of subjects were composed based on their behavior in response to discrepant symbols, and comparison of brain activity between groups showed that activation in the PCC and the caudate nucleus was more potent in those subjects in which liking was not affected by discrepant symbols. These activations were not found in subjects who assimilated unexpected flavors to flavors preceeded by discrepant symbols. Instead, these subjects showed differences in the activity in the parietal operculum. The activity of reward network appears to be related to assimilation of received flavor to expected flavor in response to symbol-flavor discrepancy.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02628816
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Submitted on : Wednesday, November 18, 2020 - 12:26:13 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 15, 2021 - 2:56:56 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, February 19, 2021 - 7:22:25 PM

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Olga Davidenko, J.-M. Bonny, Gil Morrot, Betty Jean, Béatrice Claise, et al.. Differences in BOLD responses in brain reward network reflect the tendency to assimilate a surprising flavor stimulus to an expected stimulus. NeuroImage, Elsevier, 2018, 183, pp.37-46. ⟨10.1016/j.neuroimage.2018.07.058⟩. ⟨hal-02628816⟩

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