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Characteristics of the spatio-temporal network of cattle movements in France over a 5-year period

Abstract : A good knowledge of the specificities of the animal trade network is highly valuable to better control pathogen spread on a large regional to transnational scale. Because of their temporal dynamical nature, studying multi-annual datasets is particularly needed to investigate whether structural patterns are stable over the years. In this study, we analysed the French cattle movement network from 2005 to 2009 for different spatial granularities and temporal windows, with the three-fold objective of exploring temporal variations of the main network characteristics, computing proxies for pathogen spread on this network, which accounts for its time-varying properties and identifying specificities related to the main types of animals and farms (dairy versus beef). Network properties did not qualitatively vary among different temporal and spatial granularities. About 40% of the holdings and 80% of the communes were directly interconnected. The width of the aggregation time window barely impacted normalised distributions of indicators. A period of 8-16 weeks would suffice for robust estimation of their main trends, whereas longer periods would provide more details on tails. The dynamic nature of the network could be seen through the small overlap between consecutive networks with 65% of common active nodes for only 3% of common links over 2005-2009. To control pathogen spread on such a network, by reducing the largest strongly connected component by more than 80%, movements should be prevented from 1 to 5% of the holdings with the highest centrality in the previous year network. The analysis of breed-wise and herd-wise subnetworks, dairy, beef and mixed, reveals similar trends in temporal variation of average indicators and their distributions. The link-based backbones of beef subnetworks seem to be more stable over time than those of other subnetworks. At a regional scale, node reachability accounting for time-respecting paths, as proxy of epidemic burden, is greater for a dairy region than for a beef region. This highlights the importance of considering local specificities and temporal dynamics of animal trade networks when evaluating control measures of pathogen spread.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02635459
Déposant : Migration Prodinra <>
Soumis le : mercredi 27 mai 2020 - 18:07:46
Dernière modification le : vendredi 12 juin 2020 - 10:43:26

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Bhagat Lal Dutta, Pauline Ezanno, Elisabeta Vergu. Characteristics of the spatio-temporal network of cattle movements in France over a 5-year period. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Elsevier, 2014, 117 (1), pp.79-94. ⟨10.1016/j.prevetmed.2014.09.005⟩. ⟨hal-02635459⟩

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