Cover crop mixtures including legume produce ecosystem services of nitrate capture and green manuring: assessment combining experimentation and modelling - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Plant and Soil Year : 2016

Cover crop mixtures including legume produce ecosystem services of nitrate capture and green manuring: assessment combining experimentation and modelling

Abstract

Background and aims During the fallow period, non-legume cover crop species can capture mineral nitrogen (N) and thus decrease nitrate leaching, whereas legume cover crop species can provide a green manur- ing service that increases N availability for the subse- quent crop. The aim of our study was to investigate the ability of bispecific mixtures to simultaneously produce these two services of N management in relation to their interspecific interactions. Methods Three field experiments were conducted at contrasting sites from summer to autumn to evaluate 25 mixtures and 10 sole crops. We measured biomass, N acquisition, C:N ratio and soil mineral N. Ecosystem services were assessed using both experimental data and simulation model predictions. Results Overall, prediction of N mineralized from cover crop residues was significantly higher for mixtures than for non-legume sole crops. Predictions of nitrate leached after mixtures did not differ significantly from those after non-legume sole crops and remained significantly lower than those under bare soil, especially for mixtures with turnip rape which benefitted greatly from being in mixtures. Conclusions Some of the mixtures provided a choice of compromises between the two ecosystem services, which helps define solutions for adapting mixture choice according to the site’s soil and climate character- istics and to fallow period management.
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Dates and versions

hal-02636694 , version 1 (27-05-2020)

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Hélène Tribouillois, Jean-Pierre Cohan, Eric E. Justes. Cover crop mixtures including legume produce ecosystem services of nitrate capture and green manuring: assessment combining experimentation and modelling. Plant and Soil, 2016, 401, pp.347-364. ⟨10.1007/s11104-015-2734-8⟩. ⟨hal-02636694⟩
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