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Un ejemplo de agroforestería vitícola: los sistemas de uvas tradicionales del valle de los Cintis, Bolivia

Abstract : The Cintis Valley is the oldest wine-growing area in Bolivia. In this region, a group of wine growers with unique characteristics has been identified, distinguished by centuries-old vineyards, with native varieties and the cultivation of vines in molle trees (Shimus molle) that serve as tutors, but at the same time provide other benefits to the vineyard. Despite these advantages, these systems are threatened by the constant introduction of standard technology, which is encouraged by various support institutions, argue that modern systems may have greater advantages than traditional ones, without having studied this reality, a situation that can cause the extinction of traditional systems and a problem for the region. The purpose of this paper is to describe the historical background of traditional grape systems, their main characteristics and their importance in scientific research, in order to provide the basis to protect them and revalue the Cintis region. The main results indicate that since ancient times, there are vines cultivated with trees that serve as tutors, these systems were described throughout history in various parts of the world and several epochs of history, until today. Very few were described in the scientific literature. In the Cintis Valley since the times of the Spanish colony, molle trees are associated with the vines, because this system has several advantages: pest protection, weather protection, higher yields, and influence on grape quality, increased soil organic matter and its ability to store moisture. The traditional grape systems of the Cintis is one of the most important attributes to realize the revaluation of the territory because it is one of the few contemporary experiences of viticultural agroforestry worldwide. Conducting in-depth scientific studies determines a great opportunity to contribute to the protection and valuation of the traditional grape systems of the Cintis Valley, and other parts of the world, and to contribute with the science of viticultural agroforestry.
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  • HAL Id : hal-02734990, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 490817

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Pablo Oliva Oller, Erick Langer, Christian Gary, Esther Aillon. Un ejemplo de agroforestería vitícola: los sistemas de uvas tradicionales del valle de los Cintis, Bolivia. 16. Congreso Latinoamericano de viticultura y enologia, Nov 2019, Ica, Perú. ⟨hal-02734990⟩

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