Factory Discipline, Health and Externalities in the Reduction of Working Time in Nineteenth-Century France - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Socio-Economic Review Year : 2006

Factory Discipline, Health and Externalities in the Reduction of Working Time in Nineteenth-Century France

(1) , (2)
1
2
Bénédicte Reynaud
Jérôme Bourdieu

Abstract

The role played by health considerations in the reduction of working time in nineteenth century France has been largely overlooked. This paper sets out to demonstrate their importance. Section 2 documents health deterioration in the workplace. Section 3 argues that the worsening of living conditions is a negative externality suffered by workers. It arises out of 'factory discipline' and inter-firm competition. Section 4 highlights one of the necessary conditions for any reduction in this externality: the recognition by both employers and workers of the long-term health effects of the prevailing working conditions. Physicians played a decisive role in this change. Section 5 concludes.
Not file

Dates and versions

halshs-00754178 , version 1 (20-11-2012)

Identifiers

Cite

Bénédicte Reynaud, Jérôme Bourdieu. Factory Discipline, Health and Externalities in the Reduction of Working Time in Nineteenth-Century France. Socio-Economic Review, 2006, 4 (1), pp.93-118. ⟨10.1093/SER/mwj033⟩. ⟨halshs-00754178⟩
121 View
0 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook Twitter LinkedIn More