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Choix de carrière dans l'enseignement vétérinaire et attractivité des territoires ruraux. : Le facteur spatial dans les représentations socio-professionnelles des étudiants.

Abstract : This thesis aims to understand and provide solutions to the problem of the declining number of rural practitioners that has been affecting veterinarians in France for thirty years. The population of veterinary students is the focus of this research to analyze what led them or not to choose rural practice. To overcome socio-demographic criteria (feminization, urban origin ...), this work focuses on social representations that students build about their future work and its space environment during the curriculum. In this way, a methodological triangulation uses hierarchical evocations (n = 116), a large-scale survey (n = 1508), and an original methodology: interviews with mental maps (n = 72). The results show that students’ representations evolve throughout the course but many biases exist. These come in part from the teaching curriculum. These biases generate barriers to rural facility which may be overcome. The second part of the thesis therefore deals with the construction and the test of a pedagogical tool on a sample of students (n = 24) in the veterinary curriculum, the "territory game". It allows students to better understand the diversity of veterinary rural life and then offers a first operable key to encourage the installation in rural practice. All of these results show that the curriculum must be mobilized as a psychosocial transition, towards the professional world and must allow the acquisition of new knowledge related to the activity territories, beyond the traditional academic setting.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/tel-02801800
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Submitted on : Friday, June 5, 2020 - 9:23:21 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 9, 2021 - 3:36:02 PM

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Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivatives 4.0 International License

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  • HAL Id : tel-02801800, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 385575

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Sylvain Dernat. Choix de carrière dans l'enseignement vétérinaire et attractivité des territoires ruraux. : Le facteur spatial dans les représentations socio-professionnelles des étudiants.. Education. Université Blaise Pascal (Clermont Ferrand 2), 2016. Français. ⟨tel-02801800⟩

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