Tomato genotype but not crop water deficit matters for tomato health benefits in diet-induced obesity of C57BL/6JRj male mice - Département Alimentation Humaine Access content directly
Journal Articles Food Research International Year : 2024

Tomato genotype but not crop water deficit matters for tomato health benefits in diet-induced obesity of C57BL/6JRj male mice

Nadia Bertin

Abstract

Several studies have linked the intake of lycopene and/or tomato products with improved metabolic health under obesogenic regime. The aim was to evaluate the differential impact of supplementations with several tomato genotypes differing in carotenoid content and subjected to different irrigation levels on obesity-associated disorders in mice. In this study, 80 male C57BL/6JRj mice were assigned into 8 groups to receive: control diet, high fat diet, high fat diet supplemented at 5 % w/w with 4 tomato powders originating from different tomato genotypes cultivated under control irrigation: H1311, M82, IL6-2, IL12-4. Among the 4 genotypes, 2 were also cultivated under deficit irrigation, reducing the irrigation water supply by 50 % from anthesis to fruit harvest. In controlled irrigation treatment, all genotypes significantly improved fasting glycemia and three of them significantly lowered liver lipids content after 12 weeks of supplementation. In addition, IL6-2 genotype, rich in beta-carotene, significantly limited animal adiposity, body weight gain and improved glucose homeostasis as highlighted in glucose and insulin tolerance tests. No consistent beneficial or detrimental impact of deficit irrigation to tomato promoting health benefits was found. These findings imply that the choice of tomato genotype can significantly alter the composition of fruit carotenoids and phytochemicals, thereby influencing the anti-obesogenic effects of the fruit. In contrast, deficit irrigation appears to have an overall insignificant impact on enhancing the health benefits of tomato powder in this context, particularly when compared to the genotyperelated variations in carotenoid content.
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hal-04618311 , version 1 (20-06-2024)

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Thomas Breniere, Lorrine Bournot, Flavie Sicard, Julien Astier, Anne-Laure Fanciullino, et al.. Tomato genotype but not crop water deficit matters for tomato health benefits in diet-induced obesity of C57BL/6JRj male mice. Food Research International, 2024, 188, pp.114512. ⟨10.1016/j.foodres.2024.114512⟩. ⟨hal-04618311⟩
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