Counts of mesophilic aerobic, mesophilic anaerobic, thermophilic aerobic sporeforming bacteria and persistence of Bacillus cereus spores throughout cocoa powder processing chain - MICA-Unités Access content directly
Journal Articles Food Microbiology Year : 2024

Counts of mesophilic aerobic, mesophilic anaerobic, thermophilic aerobic sporeforming bacteria and persistence of Bacillus cereus spores throughout cocoa powder processing chain

Abstract

Sporeforming bacteria are a concern in some food raw materials, such as cocoa powder. Samples (n = 618) were collected on two farms and at several stages during cocoa powder manufacture in three commercial processing lines to determine the impact of each stage on bacterial spore populations. Mesophilic aerobic, mesophilic anaerobic, thermophilic aerobic, and Bacillus cereus spore populations were enumerated in all the samples. Genetic diversity in B. cereus strains (n = 110) isolated from the samples was examined by M13 sequence-based PCR typing, partial sequencing of the panC gene, and the presence/absence of ces and cspA genes. The counts of different groups of sporeforming bacteria varied amongst farms and processing lines. For example, the counts of mesophilic aerobic spore-forming (MAS) populations of cocoa bean fermentation were lower than 1 log spore/g in Farm 1 but higher than 4 log spore/g in Farm 2. B. cereus isolated from cocoa powder was also recovered from cocoa beans, nibs, and samples after roasting, refining, and pressing, which indicated that B. cereus spores persist throughout cocoa processing. Phylogenetic group IV was the most frequent (73%), along with processing. Strains from phylogenetic group III (14 %) did not show the ces gene’s presence.
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Avant la publication
Sunday, February 16, 2025
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Sunday, February 16, 2025
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hal-04506526 , version 1 (15-03-2024)

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Ana Paula Maciel Pereira, Stéphanie Oriol, Marie-Hélène Guinebretière, Frédéric Carlin, Dionisio Pedro Amorim-Neto, et al.. Counts of mesophilic aerobic, mesophilic anaerobic, thermophilic aerobic sporeforming bacteria and persistence of Bacillus cereus spores throughout cocoa powder processing chain. Food Microbiology, 2024, 120, pp.104490. ⟨10.1016/j.fm.2024.104490⟩. ⟨hal-04506526⟩
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