Comparing resistance of bacterial spores and fungal conidia to pulsed light and UVC radiation at a wavelength of 254 nm - MICA-Unités Access content directly
Journal Articles Food Microbiology Year : 2024

Comparing resistance of bacterial spores and fungal conidia to pulsed light and UVC radiation at a wavelength of 254 nm

Abstract

Pulsed light (PL) inactivates microorganisms by UV-rich, high-irradiance and short time pulses (250 μs) of white light with wavelengths from 200 nm to 1100 nm. PL is applied for disinfection of food packaging material and foodcontact equipment. Spores of seven Bacillus ssp. strains and one Geobacillus stearothermophilus strain and conidia of filamentous fungi (One strain of Aspergillus brasiliensis, A. carbonarius and Penicillium rubens) were submitted to PL (fluence from 0.23 J/cm2 to 4.0 J/cm2) and UVC (at λ = 254 nm; fluence from 0.01 J/cm2 to 3.0 J/cm2). One PL flash at 3 J/cm2 allowed at least 3 log-reduction of all tested microorganisms. The emetic B. cereus strain F4810/72 was the most resistant of the tested spore-forming bacteria. The PL fluence to 3 log-reduction (F3 PL) of its spores suspended in water was 2.9 J/cm2 and F3 UVC was 0.21 J/cm2, higher than F3 PL and F3 UVC of spores of B. pumilus SAFR-032 2.0 J/cm2 and 0.15 J/cm2, respectively), yet reported as a highly UV-resistant spore-forming bacterium. PL and UVC sensitivity of bacterial spores was correlated. Aspergillus spp. conidia suspended in water were poorly sensitive to PL. In contrast, PL inactivated Aspergillus spp. conidia spread on a dry surface more efficiently than UVC. The F2 PL of A. brasiliensis DSM1988 was 0.39 J/cm2 and F2 UVC was 0.83 J/cm2. The resistance of spore-forming bacteria to PL could be reasonably predicted from the knowledge of their UVC resistance. In contrast, the sensitivity of fungal conidia to PL must be specifically explored.
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hal-04524952 , version 1 (28-03-2024)

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Imed Dorbani, Alain Berberian, Christophe Riedel, Catherine Duport, Frédéric Carlin. Comparing resistance of bacterial spores and fungal conidia to pulsed light and UVC radiation at a wavelength of 254 nm. Food Microbiology, 2024, 121, pp.104518. ⟨10.1016/j.fm.2024.104518⟩. ⟨hal-04524952⟩
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