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Organogel Nanoparticles as a New Way to Improve Oral Bioavailability of Poorly Soluble Compounds

Abstract : Purpose The aim of the study was to evaluate organogel nanoparticles as a lipophilic vehicle to increase the oral bioavailability of poorly soluble compounds. Efavirenz (EFV), a Biopharmaceutical Classification System (BCS) Class II, was used as drug model. Methods Organogel nanoparticles loaded with EFV were formulated with sunflower oil, 12-hydroxystearic acid (HSA) and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA). Various parameters have been investigated in the current study such as (i) the release profile of organogel assessed by USP 4 cell flow dialysis, (ii) the impact of organogel on intestinal absorption, using Caco-2 cells as in vitro model and jejunum segments as ex vivo assay and (iii) the bioavailability of organogel following oral pharmacokinetic study. Results 250–300 nm spherical particles with a final concentration of 4.75 mg/mL drug loading were obtained, corresponding to a thousand fold increase in EFV solubility, combined to a very high encapsulation efficiency (>99.8%). Due to rapid diffusion, drug was immediately released from the nanoparticles. The biopharmaceutical evaluation on ex vivo jejunum segments demonstrated an increased absorption of EFV from organogel nanoparticles compare to a native EFV suspension. In vitro assays combining Caco-2 cell cultures with TEM and confocal microscopy demonstrated passive diffusion, while paracellular integrity and endocytosis activity remain expelled. Oral pharmacokinetics of EFV organogel nanoparticles improve oral bioavailability (Fr: 249%) and quick absorption compared to EFV suspension. Conclusion Organogel nanoparticles increase the bioavailability of BCS Class II drugs. The main phenomena is simply oil transfer from the gelled particles through the cell membrane.
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Article dans une revue
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02585995
Déposant : Sabine Rossi <>
Soumis le : vendredi 15 mai 2020 - 09:08:24
Dernière modification le : vendredi 17 juillet 2020 - 09:59:12

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Baptiste Martin, Ghislain Garrait, Eric Beyssac, Dominique Goudounèche, Emile Perez, et al.. Organogel Nanoparticles as a New Way to Improve Oral Bioavailability of Poorly Soluble Compounds. Pharmaceutical Research, American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists, 2020, 37 (6), ⟨10.1007/s11095-020-02808-w⟩. ⟨hal-02585995⟩

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