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Nitrate and nitrite injection during municipal solid waste anaerobic biodegradation

Abstract : Nitrified leachate recirculation has been proposed as a promising strategy for sustainable landfill management. In four test reactors, nitrate or nitrite was added during municipal solid waste biodegradation. Nitrogen-oxides reduction reactions were monitored. Denitrification was the main nitrogen reducing reaction observed. On one hand, during the acidogenic waste degradation phase, as high amounts of volatile fatty acids (VFA) were present, nitrogen-oxides reductions were interpreted as heterotrophic denitrifications. On the other hand, denitrification reactions occurring during the late methanogenic phase were accompanied by sulphate productions and, as VFA were not detected, it was probably an autotrophic reaction. Denitrification inhibition was observed once. Ammonium concentration increased suggesting the occurrence of a dissimilatory nitrate reduction to ammonium (DNRA). Statistical treatment of analytical data revealed that only H2S concentration had a significant negative effect on N2 production in our system. NO production was observed once when nitrite was injected during the acidogenic phase resulting in a total waste degradation inhibition. These results indicate that the consequences of nitrified leachate recirculation in full-scale landfills need to be carefully examined especially during the acidogenic phase or in the presence of waste containing high quantities of sulphur.
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Submitted on : Friday, May 15, 2020 - 12:33:59 PM
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V. Vigneron, M. Ponthieu, G. Barina, J.M. Audic, C. Duquennoi, et al.. Nitrate and nitrite injection during municipal solid waste anaerobic biodegradation. Waste Management, Elsevier, 2007, 27 (6), pp.778-791. ⟨10.1016/j.wasman.2006.02.020⟩. ⟨hal-02588191⟩



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