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Upgrading pond effluent with vertical flow constructed wetlands and intermittent sand filters: comparison of performances and hydraulic behaviour

Abstract : With the aim of improving the WSP effluent quality, different types of Vertical Flow Constructed Wetlands and Intermittent Sand Filters were tested in a pilot plant in Aurignac (France). The effectiveness of each design for upgrading the effluent from the pond was studied over a period of two years. Physicochemical parameters were monitored by taking composite samples over 24 hours and weekly punctual samples. The hydraulic behaviour of the filters was studied by tracing methods (using NaCl) and monitoring the infiltration rate. This paper describes the influence of: (a) the characteristics of the medium (presence of Phragmites, depth, type of sand), (b) feeding modes and (c) the presence of an algae clogging layer on the performance of the beds. Overall, both Vertical Flow Constructed Wetlands and Intermittent Sand Filters are appropriate systems for retaining algae, completing organic matter degradation and nitrifying the WSP influent. The design and operation bases, the hydraulic behavior and the advantages and disadvantages (in terms of efficiency and maintenance) of the different configurations were determined.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02588333
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 26, 2021 - 2:22:57 PM
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  • HAL Id : hal-02588333, version 1
  • IRSTEA : PUB00020387

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A. Torrens, Pascal Molle, Catherine Boutin, M. Salgot. Upgrading pond effluent with vertical flow constructed wetlands and intermittent sand filters: comparison of performances and hydraulic behaviour. 10th international conference on wetlands systems for water pollution control, Lisbon, PRT, 23-29 Septembre 2006, Sep 2006, Lisbonne, Portugal. pp.1191-1201. ⟨hal-02588333⟩

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