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Molecular diversity studies of bacterial communities of oil polluted microbial mats from the Etang de Berre (France)

Abstract : The biodiversity of microbial mats inhabiting the oil-contaminated lagoon Etang de Berre was determined by molecular approaches. The fingerprint of denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) and automatic ribosomal intergenic spacer analysis (ARISA) of mats exposed to different pollution levels showed specific microbial communities for each site but similar diversity richness. Species composition of the mats were compared by constructing 16S rRNA libraries. Amplified rDNA restriction analysis (ARDRA) of clone libraries confirmed their similar level of diversity richness. Phylogenetic analysis of the 16S rRNA sequences showed that the classes g and a of Proteobacteria were abundantly present in both sites whereas phylotypes related to the d-Proteobacteria and to the uncultured WS3 group were mainly found in the site with the highest pollution. Identification of the species involved in oil degradation by combining culturebased approaches and DGGE, showed that enrichment cultures were constituted by members of the Rhodobacterales and species related to Rhodococcus, Sphingomonas, Xanthomonas and Microbacterium, all of them known for their ability to degrade hydrocarbons. Our findings suggest that oil pollution has not affected the biodiversity richness of the mats. However, the populations involved in hydrocarbon degradation represent a minor fraction of the mat communities in the Etang de Berre.
Keywords : PAH
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02589870
Contributor : Migration Irstea Publications <>
Submitted on : Friday, May 15, 2020 - 1:49:47 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, February 13, 2021 - 3:30:32 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-02589870, version 1
  • IRSTEA : PUB00023038

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G. Hernandez-Raquet, H. Budzinski, Pierre Caumette, P. Dabert, K. Le Ménach, et al.. Molecular diversity studies of bacterial communities of oil polluted microbial mats from the Etang de Berre (France). FEMS Microbiology Ecology, Wiley-Blackwell, 2006, 58 (3), pp.550-562. ⟨hal-02589870⟩

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