Population level integration of individual effect measurements for in situ water quality assessment: a modelling approach with Gammarus fossarum (Crustacean) and Potamopyrgus antipodarum (Gastropod) - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Conference Poster Year : 2009

Population level integration of individual effect measurements for in situ water quality assessment: a modelling approach with Gammarus fossarum (Crustacean) and Potamopyrgus antipodarum (Gastropod)

Intégration au niveau populationnel des effets observés au niveau individuel pour l'évaluation de la qualité de l'eau: une approche en modélisation avec Gammarus fossarum (Crustacé) et Potamopyrgus antipodarum (Gastéropode)

Arnaud Chaumot
Olivier Geffard
Romain Coulaud
S. Charles
Jeanne Garric

Abstract

Multilevel biomarker studies are now a classical approach for the monitoring of contaminated environments. Nevertheless, even if the population constitutes a level of interest for environmental management, the characterization of in situ effects of contaminants at this level reminds difficult notably because it also integrates plastic, adaptive and neutral variability related to physical-chemical habitat or phylogeograhical constraints. In predictive approaches, the experimental difficulty to assess impacts of chemical compounds at the population scale is currently addressed by modelling techniques. With two environmental relevant species, we develop this methodology in a diagnostic framework by coupling population modelling and in situ caging. Hence, we expect to enhance the ecological relevance of in situ toxicity assessment and to develop biologically integrated ecotoxicological indicators. Our approach proceeds in two steps. (i) Population models are developed to mechanistically link life history traits (survival, growth, reproductive activity, fecundity) and the dynamics of reference native populations all along a year. For this, we use a dual approach combining laboratory and field experiments. The latter consisting in a demographic follow-up based on monthly population census (densities, size distributions) and an individual approach with field organisms caged in situ (reproduction, growth, survival). (ii) Effects of contamination, observed at the organism level through the exposure of transplanted individuals caged in contaminated stations, are projected into the dynamics of these reference populations in order to propose a diagnostic assessment of water quality at the population level.
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Dates and versions

hal-02592301 , version 1 (15-05-2020)

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Arnaud Chaumot, Olivier Geffard, Romain Coulaud, O. Adam, H. Quéau, et al.. Population level integration of individual effect measurements for in situ water quality assessment: a modelling approach with Gammarus fossarum (Crustacean) and Potamopyrgus antipodarum (Gastropod). Final MODELKEY Conference, Nov 2009, Leipzig, Germany. pp.1, 2009. ⟨hal-02592301⟩

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