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Journal articles

PCB contamination in fish community from the Gironde Estuary (France): Blast from the past

Abstract : The contamination of the Gironde Estuary, southwest of France, by polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) was assessed using six fish of high ecological and economic importance as bioindicator species. The concentrations of 21 PCB congeners and total fat contents were determined in the muscle and liver of eels (Anguilla anguilla), seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax), flounders (Platichthys flesus), meagres (Argyrosomus regius), mullets (Liza ramada), and soles (Solea vulgaris). In addition, information regarding the trophic ecology of the studied fish was obtained through the analysis of carbon and nitrogen stable isotopes (i.e., d13C and d15N) in muscle. Results revealed high PCB concentrations in fish compared to monitored European estuaries. The muscle of eels was by far the most contaminated fish flesh (R7PCBs = 1000 ± 440 ng g1 on a dry weight basis), while the higher PCB concentrations in liver were measured in flounder (R7PCBs = 2040 ± 1160 ng g1 d.w.). A quantile regression approach allowed to investigate the fate of PCBs in the Gironde estuarine fish assemblage, and revealed a general process of trophic magnification. Finally, most of the analysed fish presented PCB concentrations in muscle meat above the current European maximum limits for sea products, while the derived 'Toxic Equivalent Quantity' (TEQ) revealed human health concerns only for high-fat fish consumption.
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Journal articles
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Submitted on : Saturday, May 16, 2020 - 3:28:50 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, March 17, 2022 - 2:00:15 PM


  • HAL Id : hal-02599811, version 1
  • IRSTEA : PUB00041001



Nicolas Bodin, N. Tapie, K. Le Ménach, E. Chassot, Pierre Elie, et al.. PCB contamination in fish community from the Gironde Estuary (France): Blast from the past. Chemosphere, Elsevier, 2014, 98, pp.66-72. ⟨hal-02599811⟩



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