Metamodeling as a tool to size vegetative filter strips for surface runoff pollution control in French watersheds. - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Conference Papers Year : 2016

Metamodeling as a tool to size vegetative filter strips for surface runoff pollution control in French watersheds.

La métamodélisation comme outil pour dimensionner les zones tampons enherbées pour contrôler la pollution par ruissellement dans les bassins versants français.

Abstract

In France, a significant presence of contaminants is found in surface water, partly due to pesticide applications. Vegetative filter strips or buffer zones (VFS) are a common best management practice to reduce non-point source pollution of water by reducing surface runoff. However, they need to be adapted to the agroecological and climatic conditions, both in terms of position and size, in order to be efficient. In this context, IRSTEA developed a guide accompanying the use of different tools, which allows designing site-specific VFS by simulating their efficiency to limit transfers using the mechanistic model VFSMOD. This method which is very complete assumes that the user provides detailed field knowledge and data, which are not always easily available. In order to fill in the lack of real data in many practical applications, a set of virtual scenarios was selected to encompass a large range of conditions, considering both the upslope agricultural field (slope, soil, humidity, etc.) and the VFS characteristics (water table depth, soil). The sizing method was applied on these scenarios and lead to abacus that are available through a user-friendly webtool presented in a companion poster. In this study however, instead of choosing specific scenarios to simulate, we applied some metamodeling methods to generate a response surface for each specific climatic region. These methods are based on an optimal sampling, and are able to answer to any other parameters combination that was not simulated. Several methods based on Gaussian process regression or learning methods (random forest) gave very good results comparing to the specific abacus, explaining more than 80% of the variance. These results will allow extending the sizing tool to other climatic situations at low cost. The tool is particularly useful to compare field scenarios, and to validate/improve actual existing placements and VFS sizing.
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Dates and versions

hal-02605357 , version 1 (16-05-2020)

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Claire Lauvernet, C. Helbert, Nadia Carluer, C. Catalogne, G. Le Hénaff, et al.. Metamodeling as a tool to size vegetative filter strips for surface runoff pollution control in French watersheds.. EcoSummit 2016, Ecological Sustainability: Engineering Change, Aug 2016, Montpellier, France. pp.27. ⟨hal-02605357⟩
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