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Aspartate metabolism is involved in the maintenance of enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 in bovine intestinal content

Abstract : The gastrointestinal tract (GIT) of healthy cattle is the main reservoir of enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC). Therefore, it is crucial to better understand the physiology of EHEC in the bovine GIT. In this study, we demonstrate that aspartate present in bovine small intestine content (BSIC), was exhausted after incubation of the reference EHEC strain EDL933 but was poorly assimilated by the endogenous microbiota. Furthermore, the bovine commensal E. coli strain BG1 appeared less efficient than EDL933 in aspartate assimilation suggesting a competitive ability of EHEC to assimilate this amino acid. Our results strongly suggest that aspartate, internalized via the DcuA aspartate:succinate antiporting system, is then converted to fumarate and carbamoyl-aspartate, the precursor for UMP biosynthesis. Aspartate assimilation by these two pathways conferred a competitive growth advantage to EHEC in BSIC. In summary, supply of intracellular fumarate due to aspartate deamination and used as an electron acceptor for anaerobic fumarate respiration, as well as de novo synthesis of pyrimidine from aspartate appear to be important pathways favouring EHEC persistence in the bovine gut. Aspartate probably represents an ecological niche for EHEC in the bovine small intestine.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02621661
Contributor : Migration Prodinra <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, May 26, 2020 - 3:10:47 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 15, 2021 - 3:10:10 PM

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Yolande Bertin, Audrey Segura, Grégory Jubelin, Lysiane Duniere, Alexandra Durand, et al.. Aspartate metabolism is involved in the maintenance of enterohaemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 in bovine intestinal content. Environmental Microbiology, Society for Applied Microbiology and Wiley-Blackwell, 2018, 20 (12), pp.4473-4485. ⟨10.1111/1462-2920.14380⟩. ⟨hal-02621661⟩

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