Effects of intraspecific hybridization on the fitness of the egg parasitoid Trichogramma galloi - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles BioControl Year : 2018

Effects of intraspecific hybridization on the fitness of the egg parasitoid Trichogramma galloi

Abstract

Successive rearing in laboratory conditions can result in the loss of genetic diversity, inbreeding depression and adaptation to the captive environment, affecting the quality of the insects reared and compromising their field performance. Introduction of genetic variation by admixing different populations may increase the fitness of populations, minimizing the negative effects of rearing many generations in artificial conditions. We experimentally investigated the role of intraspecific hybridization in enhancing the fitness of the egg parasitoid Trichogramma galloi Zucchi, 1988 (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae), by reciprocally crossing three populations. Our results showed that the mating type did not affect the number of crosses that produced viable daughters. Homotypic crosses produced 94% viable daughters, while heterotypic crosses produced 92%. There were neither mating incompatibilities nor reproductive barriers between these populations. However, we observed a low fitness value for females from one of the populations studied. The fitness of hybrids was either unchanged or improved (in one case) when compared to the parental populations. We discuss the implications of our results and suggest future research directions.
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hal-02622935 , version 1 (26-05-2020)

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Aline Bertin, Vitor Antonio Correa Pavinato, Jose Roberto Postali Parra. Effects of intraspecific hybridization on the fitness of the egg parasitoid Trichogramma galloi. BioControl, 2018, 63 (4), pp.555-563. ⟨10.1007/s10526-018-9883-7⟩. ⟨hal-02622935⟩
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