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Indicadores socioeconómicos de la obesidad materna en México y Francia. Análisis comparado de dos cohortes.

Abstract : OBJECTIVE : To identify and analyze the socioeconomic indicators of maternal obesity in Mexico and France. MATERIAL AND METHODS : Comparative study of two cohorts: EDEN (France) and NUTTSEA (Mexico). The study population consisted of women who requested prenatal consultation at week 24 of pregnancy. Data were collected using questionnaires and semi-structured interviews. The variables of interest were socioeconomic aspects, nutrition, anthropometry and food security. The quantitative analysis was performed using Stata and the qualitative analysis with Atlas-ti. RESULTS : In the EDEN cohort, 68.6% were aged 25-34 years, 73% had paid employment and 53% completed high school. In addition, 6.6% reported having difficulty accessing food and the mean gestational BMI was 23.23 ± 4.6. In the NUTTSEA cohort, 55% were in the age range 18-24 years, 15% reported having paid employment, 42% had completed secondary education, 32.1% presented a degree of food insecurity, and the mean BMI was 27.8 ± 4.8. CONCLUSIONS : The qualitative and quantitative results of both cohorts suggest that populations with greater socio-economic vulnerability are more prone to maternal obesity, which leads to determine guidelines on barriers and facilitators to strengthen programs to prevent it maternal obesity.
Keywords : vulnerability
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 26, 2020 - 7:32:39 AM
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Armando Arredondo, Christian Torres, Emanuel Orozco, Selene Pacheco, Alondra Aragón, et al.. Indicadores socioeconómicos de la obesidad materna en México y Francia. Análisis comparado de dos cohortes.. Revista de Salud Pública, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, 2018, 20 (2), pp.245-253. ⟨10.15446/rsap.V20n2.72848⟩. ⟨hal-02623195⟩



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