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Endothelin increases the proliferation of rat olfactory mucosa cells

Abstract : The olfactory mucosa holds olfactory sensory neurons directly in contact with an aggressive environment. In order to maintain its integrity, it is one of the few neural zones which are continuously renewed during the whole animal life. Among several factors regulating this renewal, endothelin acts as an anti-apoptotic factor in the rat olfactory epithelium. In the present study, we explored whether endothelin could also act as a proliferative factor. Using primary culture of the olfactory mucosa, we found that an early treatment with endothelin increased its growth. Consistently, a treatment with a mixture of BQ(123) and BQ(788) (endothelin receptor antagonists) decreased the primary culture growth without affecting the cellular death level. We then used combined approaches of calcium imaging, reverse transcriptase-quantitative polymerase chain reaction and protein level measurements to show that endothelin was locally synthetized by the primary culture until it reached confluency. Furthermore, in vivo intranasal instillation of endothelin receptor antagonists led to a decrease of olfactory mucosa cell expressing proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), a marker of proliferation. Only short-term treatment reduced the PCNA level in the olfactory mucosa cells. When the treatment was prolonged, the PCNA level was not statistically affected but the expression level of endothelin was increased. Overall, our results show that endothelin plays a proliferative role in the olfactory mucosa and that its level is dynamically regulated.
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Bertrand Bryche, Audrey Saint-Albin Deliot, Claire Le Poupon, Christine Baly, Patrice Congar, et al.. Endothelin increases the proliferation of rat olfactory mucosa cells. Neural Regeneration Research, Publishing House of Neural Regeneration Research, 2020, 15 (2), pp.1-9. ⟨10.4103/1673-5374.265558⟩. ⟨hal-02623216⟩

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