Oenological tannins to prevent Botrytis cinerea damage in grapes and musts: Kinetics and electrophoresis characterization of laccase - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Food Chemistry Year : 2020

Oenological tannins to prevent Botrytis cinerea damage in grapes and musts: Kinetics and electrophoresis characterization of laccase

Abstract

Enzymatic parameters (KM and Vmax), residual activity, effect of bentonite and electrophoresis characterization of laccase in the presence of different oenological tannins (OT) were investigated in relation to B. cinerea negative effects in grapes and musts. Five OT were tested (gallotannin, ellagitannin, quebracho, grape-skin and grape-seed) in comparison with ascorbic acid (AA), sulfur dioxide (SO2) and bentonite. We added OT, AA, SO2 and bentonite to botrytized must obtained by inoculation of grapes with B. cinerea strain 213. Laccase activity was measured by the syringaldazine method at different concentrations of substrate. Enzymatic parameters were determined using Michaelis-Menten and Lineweaver-Burk plots. The B. cinerea strain was also grown in a liquid medium for laccase production. Molecular weight of laccases and effect of OT upon these laccases were studied by SDS-PAGE. Results confirm that bentonite, contrary to OT, did not permit to reduce laccase activity. Regardless the tannin considered, Vmax, KM and laccase activity were reduced and gallotannin, grape-skin and grape-seed tannin presented the greatest ability. Efficiency of grape-seed tannin addition in order to reduce the laccase activity, was comparable to that of AA or SO2 at the typical doses employed in oenology for each one. Oenological tannins appear to be excellent processing aids to prevent laccase effects and contribute to reduce the use of SO2 in grapes and musts.
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Dates and versions

hal-02623472 , version 1 (21-07-2022)

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Attribution - NonCommercial

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Adeline Vignault, Jordi Gombau, Michael Jourdes, Virginie Moine, Joan Miquel Canals, et al.. Oenological tannins to prevent Botrytis cinerea damage in grapes and musts: Kinetics and electrophoresis characterization of laccase. Food Chemistry, 2020, 316, pp.1-9. ⟨10.1016/j.foodchem.2020.126334⟩. ⟨hal-02623472⟩
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