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Effects of sex and fasting/refeeding on hepatic AMPK signaling in chickens (Gallus gallus)

Abstract : The alpha-1 isoform of chicken AMPK situates on the Z-chromosome, in contrast, the other isoforms in birds and the mammalian AMPK alpha 1 are located on the autosomes. The present study aimed to investigate the role of hepatic AMPK signaling in adaptation to nutritional status and the potential sex-specific response in chickens. Hepatic genes and proteins were compared between the two sexes immediately after hatching. From 20d of age, chicks from each sex received feed treatments: Control was fed ad libitum; Fasted was starved for 24 h; Refed was fed for 4 h after a 24 h fasting. As a result, hepatic AMPK alpha 1 mRNA level in males was significantly higher at both ages compared to females, due to the presence of Z-chromosomes. However, this did not make this kinase "malebias" as it was eventually compensated at a translational level, which was not reported in previous studies. The protein levels and activation of AMPK alpha were even lower in newly-hatched male compared to female chicks, accompanied with a higher FAS and SREBP-1 gene expressions. Accordingly, hepatic G6PC2 mRNA levels in males were significantly lower associated with lower plasma glucose levels after hatching. Fasting activated hepatic AMPK, which in turn inhibited gene expression of GS, FAS and SREBP-1, and stimulated the downstream G6PC2 in both sexes. These changes recovered after refeeding. In conclusion, AMPK plays a role in adaptation to nutritional environment for both sexes. The Z-linked AMPK did not exert a sex-specific signaling, due to a "translational compensation" of AMPK alpha 1.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02623892
Contributor : Migration Prodinra <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, May 26, 2020 - 9:45:28 AM
Last modification on : Monday, April 19, 2021 - 1:22:58 PM

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Yufeng Wang, Johan Buyse, Nathalie Couroussé, Sophie Tesseraud, Sonia Metayer-Coustard, et al.. Effects of sex and fasting/refeeding on hepatic AMPK signaling in chickens (Gallus gallus). Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology - Part A: Molecular and Integrative Physiology, Elsevier, 2020, 240, ⟨10.1016/j.cbpa.2019.110606⟩. ⟨hal-02623892⟩

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