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Cell-wall hydrolases as antimicrobials against staphylococcus species: Focus on Sle1

Abstract : Some staphylococcal species are opportunistic pathogens of humans and/or animals with Staphylococcus epidermidis as one of the most important. It causes a broad spectrum of diseases in humans and animals. This species is able to form biofilms and has developed antibiotic resistance, which has motivated research on new antibacterial agents. Cell-wall hydrolases (CWHs) can constitute a potential alternative. Following a hijacking strategy, we inventoried the CWHs of S. epidermidis. The lytic potential of representative CWHs that could be turned against staphylococci was explored by turbidity assays which revealed that cell wall glycosidases were not efficient, while cell wall amidases and cell wall peptidases were able to lyse S. epidermidis. Sle1, which is encoded by chromosomal gene and composed of three anchoring LysM domains and a C-terminal CHAP (cysteine, histidine-dependent amidohydrolase/peptidase) domain, was one of the most active CWHs. The phylogeny of Sle1 revealed seven clusters mostly identified among staphylococci. Sle1 was able to lyse several staphylococcal species, including Staphylococcus aureus, both in planktonic and sessile forms, but not Micrococcus.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02624652
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Submitted on : Tuesday, June 8, 2021 - 1:52:50 PM
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Aurore Vermassen, Régine Talon, Carine Andant, Christian Provot, Mickael Desvaux, et al.. Cell-wall hydrolases as antimicrobials against staphylococcus species: Focus on Sle1. Microorganisms, MDPI, 2019, 7 (11), pp.559-574. ⟨10.3390/microorganisms7110559⟩. ⟨hal-02624652⟩

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