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Effects of nutrient intake during pregnancy and lactation on the endocrine pancreas of the offspring

Abstract : The pancreas has an essential role in the regulation of glucose homeostasis by secreting insulin, the only hormone with a blood glucose lowering effect in mammals. Several circulating molecules are able to positively or negatively influence insulin secretion. Among them, nutrients such as fatty acids or amino acids can directly act on specific receptors present on pancreatic beta cells. Dietary intake, especially excessive nutrient intake, is known to modify energy balance in adults, resulting in pancreatic dysfunction. However, gestation and lactation are critical periods for fetal development and pup growth and specific dietary nutrients are required for optimal growth. Feeding alterations during these periods will impact offspring development and increase the risk of developing metabolic disorders in adulthood, leading to metabolic programming. This review will focus on the influence of nutrient intake during gestation and lactation periods on pancreas development and function in offspring, highlighting the molecular mechanism of imprinting on this organ.
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Valentine Suzanne Moullé, Patricia Parnet. Effects of nutrient intake during pregnancy and lactation on the endocrine pancreas of the offspring. Nutrients, MDPI, 2019, 11 (11), pp.1-18. ⟨10.3390/nu11112708⟩. ⟨hal-02625014⟩

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