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Le lait maternel : un aliment idéal pour la nutrition du nouveau-né (En lien avec sa croissance et son devenir neuro-moteur)

Abstract : Human milk is the best food for newborn nutrition. There is no ideal composition of human milk and the only assessment criteria available for pediatricians and nutritionists are charts of infant growth (weight, size, head circumference) and neurodevelopment criteria that reflect nutrition (in quantity and quality) that these infants receive. This is difficult to know if these charts reflect also the composition of human milk when infants are breastfed. Confounding parameters linked to mother's physiology or to clinical parameters of infant strongly impact growth, taking into account that these parameters also impact breast milk composition. Thus, for example, prematurity and mother's obesity impact breast milk composition. How much newborn physiology is consequently affected is an interesting research question. Studies that have tried to correlate infant growth or neurodevelopment with milk composition have shown the presence of milk biomarkers (lipids, oligosaccharides, etc.) whose bioactivity is not always known yet. A better knowledge on how human milk could act on infant development to the mid- and long-term participating thus to nutritional programming is a challenging question for a better management of infants’ nutrition, particularly the most fragile ones (preterm, stunted …).
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 26, 2020 - 1:13:10 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, September 7, 2021 - 3:36:11 PM

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Clair-Yves Boquien. Le lait maternel : un aliment idéal pour la nutrition du nouveau-né (En lien avec sa croissance et son devenir neuro-moteur). Cahiers de Nutrition et de Diététique, Elsevier Masson, 2018, ⟨10.1016/j.cnd.2018.07.003⟩. ⟨hal-02625028⟩

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