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Article dans une revue

The DroughtBox: A new tool for phenotyping residual branch conductance and its temperature dependence during drought

Abstract : Xylem hydraulic failure is a major driver of tree death during drought. However, to better understand mortality risk in trees, especially during hot-drought events, more information is required on both rates of residual water-loss from small branches (g(res)) after stomatal closure, as well as the phase transition temperature (T-p), beyond which g(res) significantly increases. Here, we describe and test a novel low-cost tool, the DroughtBox, for phenotyping g(res) and T-p across species. The system consists of a programmable climatically controlled chamber in which branches dehydrate and changes in the mass recorded. Test measurements show that the DroughtBox maintains stable temperature and relative humidity across a range of set points, a prerequisite for getting accurate g(res) and T-p values. Among a study group of four conifer and one angiosperm species, we observed a range of g(res) (0.44-1.64 mmol H2O m(-2) s(-1)) and T-p (39.4-43.8 degrees C) values. Furthermore, the measured time to hydraulic failure varied between two conifers species and was shortened in both species following a heatwave event. The DroughtBox is a reliable and customizable tool for phenotyping g(res) and T-p, as well as for testing models of time to hydraulic failure that will improve our ability to assess climate change impacts on plants.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02625372
Déposant : Dominique Tiziani <>
Soumis le : mardi 26 mai 2020 - 14:18:23
Dernière modification le : jeudi 19 novembre 2020 - 03:22:28

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Lise Billon, Chris Blackman, Hervé Cochard, Eric Badel, Adnane Hitmi, et al.. The DroughtBox: A new tool for phenotyping residual branch conductance and its temperature dependence during drought. Plant, Cell & Environment, 2020, 43 (6), pp.1584-1594. ⟨10.1111/pce.13750⟩. ⟨hal-02625372⟩

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