Selecting a Green Strategy on Extraction of Birch Bark and Isolation of Pure Betulin Using Monoterpenes - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering Year : 2018

Selecting a Green Strategy on Extraction of Birch Bark and Isolation of Pure Betulin Using Monoterpenes

Abstract

The aim of this work is to study sustainable approaches to pure betulin using green low-polar solvents from natural feedstock—pine monoterpenes and limonene. The conventional methods of extracting outer birch bark (OBB) lead to extracts that contain only 50%–75% of betulin, while refining processes of OBB extracts are usually labor consuming and employ toxic solvents. The extractions of OBB using monoterpenes and their hydrogenated analogs at boiling and microwave-assisted conditions turned out to be insufficiently selective and lead to a significant uptake of extractants on the depleted bark. To obtain pure betulin, the sequence including energy-saving extraction of OBB with a green solvent (ethyl acetate, EtOAc), saponification of the extract, and purification of betulin in limonene or hydrogenated monoterpenes was proposed. The protocol of processing primary extracts with stable monoterpenes—limonene, pinane, and hydrogenated turpentine oil—ensured separation of pure betulin (95%–97%) with high yields (75%–82%) and the effective recycling of extractants (81%–87%). The refining of plant metabolites in monoterpenes can be regarded as a promising method, successfully competing with the known multistep processes and methods employing toxic solvents.
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Dates and versions

hal-02625475 , version 1 (26-05-2020)

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Alexandr E. Grazhdannikov, Lyubov M. Kornaukhova, Vladimir I. Rodionov, Natalia A. Pankrushina, Elvira E. Shults, et al.. Selecting a Green Strategy on Extraction of Birch Bark and Isolation of Pure Betulin Using Monoterpenes. ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, 2018, 6 (5), pp.6281-6288. ⟨10.1021/acssuschemeng.8b00086⟩. ⟨hal-02625475⟩
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