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Lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases (LPMOs) facilitate cellulose nanofibrils production

Abstract : BackgroundLytic polysaccharide monooxygenases (LPMOs) are copper-dependent enzymes that cleave polysaccharides through an oxidative mechanism. These enzymes are major contributors to the recycling of carbon in nature and are currently used in the biorefinery industry. LPMOs are commonly used in synergy with cellulases to enhance biomass deconstruction. However, there are few examples of the use of monocomponent LPMOs as a tool for cellulose fibrillation. In this work, we took advantage of the LPMO action to facilitate disruption of wood cellulose fibers as a strategy to produce nanofibrillated cellulose (NFC).ResultsThe fungal LPMO from AA9 family (PaLPMO9E) was used in this study as it displays high specificity toward cellulose and its recombinant production in bioreactor is easily upscalable. The treatment of birchwood fibers with PaLPMO9E resulted in the release of a mixture of C1-oxidized oligosaccharides without any apparent modification in fiber morphology and dimensions. The subsequent mechanical shearing disintegrated the LPMO-pretreated samples yielding nanoscale cellulose elements. Their gel-like aspect and nanometric dimensions demonstrated that LPMOs disrupt the cellulose structure and facilitate the production of NFC.ConclusionsThis study demonstrates the potential use of LPMOs as a pretreatment in the NFC production process. LPMOs weaken fiber cohesion and facilitate fiber disruption while maintaining the crystallinity of cellulose.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 26, 2020 - 8:10:25 PM
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Céline Moreau, Sandra Tapin-Lingua, Sacha Grisel, Isabelle Gimbert, Sophie Le Gall, et al.. Lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases (LPMOs) facilitate cellulose nanofibrils production. Biotechnology for Biofuels, BioMed Central, 2019, 12, ⟨10.1186/s13068-019-1501-0⟩. ⟨hal-02627420⟩

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