Temperature impacts the sporulation capacities and spore resistance of <em>Moorella thermoacetica</em> - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Food Microbiology Year : 2018

Temperature impacts the sporulation capacities and spore resistance of Moorella thermoacetica

Abstract

Temperatures encountered in cannery allow growth of thermophilic spore-forming bacteria, including the strictly anaerobe Moorella thermoacetica, which grows optimally from 55 °C to 65 °C and is the main cause of spoilage of low-acid canned foods (LACFs) at high temperature. Resistance to wet-heat, biocides and UV-C of spores formed at different temperatures was assessed either for a selection of M. thermoacetica strains or for the strain M. thermoacetica ATCC 39073. Spores formed at 45 °C were significantly more sensitive to wet-heat than spores produced at 55 °C, while spores produced at 65 °C were as heat-resistant as spores produced at 55 °C. Spores of M. thermoacetica ATCC 39073 produced at 45 °C were significantly less resistant to peracetic acid than spores formed at 55 °C, while no difference in sensitivity to H2O2 or to UV-C treatment was observed whatever the sporulation temperature. However, both types of treatment enabled at least a 3.3 log CFU/mL reduction of M. thermoacetica ATCC 39073 spores. M. thermoacetica spores thus showed higher resistance properties when sporulation temperature was close to optimal growth temperature. These findings suggest food spoilage due to M. thermoacetica species could be controllable by holding temperatures below optimal growth temperature from the blanching step to the can filling step.
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Dates and versions

hal-02628019 , version 1 (26-05-2020)

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Tiffany Malleck, Guillaume Daufouy, Stephane André, Veronique Broussolle, Stella Planchon. Temperature impacts the sporulation capacities and spore resistance of Moorella thermoacetica. Food Microbiology, 2018, 73, pp.334-341. ⟨10.1016/j.fm.2017.11.017⟩. ⟨hal-02628019⟩
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