Use of Machine Learning and Infrared Spectra for Rheological Characterization <em>and Application to the Apricot</em> - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Scientific Reports Year : 2019

Use of Machine Learning and Infrared Spectra for Rheological Characterization and Application to the Apricot

Abstract

Fast advancement of machine learning methods and constant growth of the areas of application open up new horizons for large data management and processing. Among the various types of data available for analysis, the Fourier Transform InfraRed (FTIR) spectroscopy spectra are very challenging datasets to consider. In this study, machine learning is used to analyze and predict a rheological parameter: firmness. Various statistics have been gathered including both chemistry (such as ethylene, titrable acidity or sugars) and spectra values to visualize and analyze a dataset of 731 biological samples. Two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) principal component analyses (PCA) are used to evaluate their ability to discriminate for one parameter: firmness. Partial least squared regression (PLSR) modeling has been carried out to predict the rheological parameter using either sixteen physicochemical parameters or only the infrared spectra. We show that (i) the spectra alone allows good discrimination of the samples based on rheology, (ii) 3D-PCA allows comprehensive and informative visualization of the data, and (iii) that the rheological parameters are predicted accurately using a regression method such as PLSR; instead of using chemical parameters which are laborious to obtain, Mid-FTIR spectra gathering all physicochemical information could be used for efficient prediction of firmness. As a conclusion, rheological and chemical parameters allow good discrimination of the samples according to their firmness. However, using only the IR spectra leads to better results. A good predictive model was built for the prediction of the firmness of the fruit, and we reached a coefficient of determination R2 value of 0.90. This method outperforms a model based on physicochemical descriptors only. Such an approach could be very helpful to technologists and farmers.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
2019 - Publi 55 - Cadet - ScientificReports_1.pdf (2.17 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin Publisher files allowed on an open archive
Loading...

Dates and versions

hal-02628254 , version 1 (26-05-2020)

Licence

Identifiers

Cite

Xavier F. Cadet, Ophélie Lo-Thong, Sylvie Bureau, Reda Dehak, Miloud Bessafi. Use of Machine Learning and Infrared Spectra for Rheological Characterization and Application to the Apricot. Scientific Reports, 2019, 9 (1), 12 p. ⟨10.1038/s41598-019-55543-7⟩. ⟨hal-02628254⟩
39 View
109 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Mastodon Facebook X LinkedIn More