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Intraoviductal concentrations of steroid hormones during in vitro culture changed phospholipid profiles and cryotolerance of bovine embryos

Abstract : The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of progesterone (P4), estradiol (E2), and cortisol (CO) at intraoviductal concentrations on bovine embryo development and quality in vitro. After fertilization of in vitro matured oocytes, zygotes were cultured for 8 days in synthetic oviductal fluid, supplemented with 55 ng/ml P4, 120 pg/ml E2, 40 ng/ml CO, or their combination (ALL). Control embryos were cultured with vehicle (0.1% ethanol). Exposure to steroids did not affect the embryo developmental rate nor the mean number of cells per blastocyst. However, at 24 hr after vitrification-warming, exposure to P4 improved the proportion of embryos that re-expanded and were viable while exposure to CO decreased the proportion of viable embryos. By intact cell MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry, a total of 242 phospholipid masses of 400-1000 m/z were detected from individual fresh blastocysts. Exposure to ALL induced the highest and most specific changes in embryo phospholipids, followed by P4, E2, and CO. In particular, the m/z 546.3 and 546.4 attributed to lysophosphatidylcholines were found less abundant after exposure to P4. In conclusion, exposure of bovine embryos to intraoviductal concentrations of steroid hormones did not affect in vitro development but changed blastocyst quality in terms of cryotolerance and phospholipid profiles.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02628367
Contributor : Migration Prodinra <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, May 26, 2020 - 10:53:44 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, August 5, 2021 - 3:48:26 AM

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Charles Banliat, Florine Dubuisson, Emilie Corbin, Julie Beurois, Daniel Tomas, et al.. Intraoviductal concentrations of steroid hormones during in vitro culture changed phospholipid profiles and cryotolerance of bovine embryos. Molecular Reproduction and Development, Wiley, 2019, 86 (6), pp.661 - 672. ⟨10.1002/mrd.23144⟩. ⟨hal-02628367⟩

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