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Hyperspectral unmixing with spectral variability using adaptive bundles and double sparsity

Abstract : Spectral variability is one of the major issue when conducting hyperspectral unmixing. Within a given image composed of some elementary materials (herein referred to as endmember classes), the spectral signature characterizing these classes may spatially vary due to intrinsic component fluctuations or external factors (illumination). These redundant multiple endmember spectra within each class adversely affect the performance of unmixing methods. This paper proposes a mixing model that explicitly incorporates a hierarchical structure of redundant multiple spectra representing each class. The proposed method is designed to promote sparsity on the selection of both spectra and classes within each pixel. The resulting unmixing algorithm is able to adaptively recover several bundles of endmember spectra associated with each class and robustly estimate abundances. In addition, its flexibility allows a variable number of classes to be present within each pixel of the hyperspectral image to be unmixed. The proposed method is compared with other state-of-the-art unmixing methods that incorporate sparsity using both simulated and real hyperspectral data. The results show that the proposed method can successfully determine the variable number of classes present within each class and estimate the corresponding class abundances.
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Contributor : Migration Prodinra <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, May 26, 2020 - 11:51:46 PM
Last modification on : Friday, March 19, 2021 - 3:32:31 AM

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Tatsumi Uezato, Mathieu Fauvel, Nicolas Dobigeon. Hyperspectral unmixing with spectral variability using adaptive bundles and double sparsity. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2019, 57 (6), pp.3980-3992. ⟨10.1109/TGRS.2018.2889256⟩. ⟨hal-02628783⟩



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