Genome Scan for Selection in Structured Layer Chicken Populations Exploiting Linkage Disequilibrium Information - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles PLoS ONE Year : 2015

Genome Scan for Selection in Structured Layer Chicken Populations Exploiting Linkage Disequilibrium Information

Abstract

An increasing interest is being placed in the detection of genes, or genomic regions, that have been targeted by selection because identifying signatures of selection can lead to a better understanding of genotype-phenotype relationships. A common strategy for the detection of selection signatures is to compare samples from distinct populations and to search for genomic regions with outstanding genetic differentiation. The aim of this study was to detect selective signatures in layer chicken populations using a recently proposed approach, hapFLK, which exploits linkage disequilibrium information while accounting appropriately for the hierarchical structure of populations. We performed the analysis on 70 individuals from three commercial layer breeds (White Leghorn, White Rock and Rhode Island Red), genotyped for approximately 1 million SNPs. We found a total of 41 and 107 regions with outstanding differentiation or similarity using hapFLK and its single SNP counterpart FLK respectively. Annotation of selection signature regions revealed various genes and QTL corresponding to productions traits, for which layer breeds were selected. A number of the detected genes were associated with growth and carcass traits, including IGF-1R, AGRP and STAT5B. We also annotated an interesting gene associated with the dark brown feather color mutational phenotype in chickens (SOX10). We compared FST, FLK and hapFLK and demonstrated that exploiting linkage disequilibrium information and accounting for hierarchical population structure decreased the false detection rate.
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hal-02631302 , version 1 (27-05-2020)

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Mahmood Gholami, Christian Reimer, Malena Erbe, Rudolf Preisinger, Annett Weigend, et al.. Genome Scan for Selection in Structured Layer Chicken Populations Exploiting Linkage Disequilibrium Information. PLoS ONE, 2015, 10 (7), pp.1-15. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0130497⟩. ⟨hal-02631302⟩
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