An HPLC–MS/MS method for the separation of α-retinyl esters from retinyl esters - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Chromatography B - Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences Year : 2016

An HPLC–MS/MS method for the separation of α-retinyl esters from retinyl esters

Abstract

Enzymatic cleavage of the nonsymmetric provitamin A carotenoid α-carotene results in one molecule of retinal (vitamin A), and one molecule of α-retinal, a biologically inactive analog of true vitamin A. Due to structural similarities, α-retinyl esters and vitamin A esters typically coelute, resulting in the overestimation of vitamin A originating from α-carotene. Herein, we present a set of tools to identify and separate α-retinol products from vitamin A. α-Retinyl palmitate (αRP) standard was synthesized from α-ionone following a Wittig-Horner approach. A high-performance liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC–MS/MS) method employing a C30 column was then developed to separate the species. Authentic standards of retinyl esters and the synthesized α-RP confirmed respective identities, while other α-retinyl esters (i.e. myristate, linoleate, oleate, and stearate) were evidenced by their pseudomolecular ions observed in electrospray ionization (ESI) mode, fragmentation, and elution order. For quantitation, an atmospheric pressure chemical ionization (APCI) source operated in positive ion mode was used, and retinol, the predominant in-source parent ion was selected and fragmented. The application of this method to a chylomicron-rich fraction of human plasma is demonstrated. This method can be used to better determine the quantity of vitamin A derived from foods containing α-carotene.
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Dates and versions

hal-02631924 , version 1 (27-05-2020)

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Hilary J. Goetz, Rachel Kopec, Ken M. Riedl, Jessica L. Cooperstone, Sureshbabu Narayanasamy, et al.. An HPLC–MS/MS method for the separation of α-retinyl esters from retinyl esters. Journal of Chromatography B - Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences, 2016, 1029-1030, pp.68-71. ⟨10.1016/j.jchromb.2016.06.043⟩. ⟨hal-02631924⟩
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