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Biological network-driven gene selection identifies a stromal immune module as a key determinant of triple-negative breast carcinoma prognosis

Abstract : Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a heterogeneous group of aggressive breast cancers for which no targeted treatment is available. Robust tools for TNBC classification are required, to improve the prediction of prognosis and to develop novel therapeutic interventions. We analyzed 3,247 primary human breast cancer samples from 21 publicly available datasets, using a five-step method: (1) selection of TNBC samples by bimodal filtering on ER-HER2 and PR, (2) normalization of the selected TNBC samples, (3) selection of the most variant genes, (4) identification of gene clusters and biological gene selection within gene clusters on the basis of String (c) database connections and gene-expression correlations, (5) summarization of each gene cluster in a metagene. We then assessed the ability of these metagenes to predict prognosis, on an external public dataset (METABRIC). Our analysis of gene expression (GE) in 557 TNBCs from 21 public datasets identified a six-metagene signature (167 genes) in which the metagenes were enriched in different gene ontologies. The gene clusters were named as follows: Immunity1, Immunity2, Proliferation/DNA damage, AR-like, Matrix/Invasion1 and Matrix2 clusters respectively. This signature was particularly robust for the identification of TNBC subtypes across many datasets (n = 1,125 samples), despite technology differences (Affymetrix (c) A, Plus2 and Illumina (c)). Weak Immunity two metagene expression was associated with a poor prognosis (disease-specific survival; HR = 2.68 [1.59-4.52], p = 0.0002). The six-metagene signature (167 genes) was validated over 1,125 TNBC samples. The Immunity two metagene had strong prognostic value. These findings open up interesting possibilities for the development of new therapeutic interventions.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02632136
Déposant : Migration Prodinra <>
Soumis le : mercredi 27 mai 2020 - 10:05:47
Dernière modification le : samedi 6 février 2021 - 03:30:56

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H. Bonsang-Kitzis, B. Sadacca, A. S. Hamy-Petit, M. Moarii, A. Pinheiro, et al.. Biological network-driven gene selection identifies a stromal immune module as a key determinant of triple-negative breast carcinoma prognosis. OncoImmunology, Taylor & Francis, 2016, 5 (1), ⟨10.1080/2162402X.2015.1061176⟩. ⟨hal-02632136⟩

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