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High protein intake in neonatal period induces glomerular hypertrophy and sclerosis in adulthood in rats born with IUGR

Abstract : BACKGROUND: Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and postnatal nutrition are risk factors for cardiovascular and renal diseases in both humans and animals. The long-term renal effects of protein intake early in life remain unknown. The objective was to evaluate the effects of a neonatal feeding with high protein (HP) milk on renal functions and structure in IUGR male rats. METHODS: Maternal gestational low protein diet was used to produce IUGR. At day 5, IUGR pups were gastrostomized in the "pup-in-the cup" model and received either normal protein (NP) milk or HP (+50% protein content) milk until day 21. After weaning, the animals were fed the same standard diet. Renal functions and structure were assessed at postnatal day 18 (D18) and in adult offspring. RESULTS: During the preweaning period, the postnatal weight gain between the two groups was unaffected. On D18, kidneys from HP offspring were heavier with significant glomerular hypertrophy (+40%, P < 0.05). HP diet was associated with significant proteinuria and glomerulosclerosis (+49%, P < 0.05). Glomerular number was unaltered. CONCLUSION: Neonatal HP feeding. following IUGR affects renal functions and structure at adulthood. These alterations may result from a single nephron glomerular hyperfiltration.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02633522
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 27, 2020 - 12:48:28 PM
Last modification on : Monday, June 21, 2021 - 5:26:02 PM

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Farid Boubred, Eloise Delamaire, Christophe Buffat, Laurent Daniel, Clair-Yves Boquien, et al.. High protein intake in neonatal period induces glomerular hypertrophy and sclerosis in adulthood in rats born with IUGR. Pediatric Research, Nature Publishing Group, 2016, 79 (1), pp.22-26. ⟨10.1038/pr.2015.176⟩. ⟨hal-02633522⟩

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