Modification of energy balance induced by the food contaminant T-2 toxin: A multimodal gut-to-brain connection - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Brain, Behavior, and Immunity Year : 2014

Modification of energy balance induced by the food contaminant T-2 toxin: A multimodal gut-to-brain connection

(1) , (1) , (2) , (1) , (2) , (1) , (1) , (1) , (1)
1
2

Abstract

T-2 toxin is one of the most toxic Fusarium-derived trichothecenes found on cereals and constitutes a widespread contaminant of agricultural commodities as well as commercial foods. Low doses toxicity is characterized by reduced weight gain. To date, the mechanisms by which this mycotoxin profoundly modifies feeding behavior remain poorly understood and more broadly the effects of T-2 toxin on the central nervous system (CNS) have received limited attention. Through an extensive characterization of sickness-like behavior induced by T-2 toxin, we showed that its per os (p.o.) administration affects not only feeding behavior but also energy expenditure, glycaemia, body temperature and locomotor activity. Using c-Fos expression mapping, we identified the neuronal structures activated in response to T-2 toxin and observed that the pattern of neuronal populations activated by this toxin resembled that induced by inflammatory signals. Interestingly, part of neuronal pathways activated by the toxin were NUCB-2/nesfatin-1 expressing neurons. Unexpectedly, while T-2 toxin induced a strong peripheral inflammation, the brain exhibited limited inflammatory response at a time point when anorexia was ongoing. Unilateral vagotomy partly reduced T-2 toxin-induced brainstem neuronal activation. On the other hand, intracerebroventricular (icv) T-2 toxin injection resulted in a rapid (<1 h) reduction in food intake. Thus, we hypothesized that T-2 toxin could signal to the brain through neuronal and/or humoral pathways. The present work provides the first demonstration that T-2 toxin modifies feeding behavior by interfering with central neuronal networks devoted to central energy balance. Our results, with a particular attention to peripheral inflammation, strongly suggest that inflammatory mediators partake in the T- 2 toxin-induced anorexia and other symptoms. In view of the broad human and breeding animal exposure to T-2 toxin, this new mechanism may lead to reconsider the impact of the consumption of this toxin on human health
Not file

Dates and versions

hal-02633855 , version 1 (27-05-2020)

Identifiers

Cite

Stéphanie Gaigé, Mehdi Djelloul, Catherine Tardivel, Coraline Airault, Bernadette Félix, et al.. Modification of energy balance induced by the food contaminant T-2 toxin: A multimodal gut-to-brain connection. Brain, Behavior, and Immunity, 2014, 37, pp.54-72. ⟨10.1016/j.bbi.2013.12.008⟩. ⟨hal-02633855⟩
36 View
0 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook Twitter LinkedIn More