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Early embryonic and endometrial regulation of tumor necrosis factor and tumor necrosis factor receptor 2 in the cattle uterus

Abstract : Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) alpha likely mediates embryomaternal communication in mammals. In bovine, we have previously found that the uterine fluid of heifers that carried early embryos shows downregulation in the TNF and nuclear factor κB system. In this work, we assessed the expression of TNF and its receptor TNFR2 in the bovine endometrium and embryos during blastocyst development. Moreover, to explore the endometrial immune response to early embryos, we analyzed the number of CD45 leukocytes in the bovine endometrium. Day 8 endometrium and blastocyst recovered from animals after transfer of Day 5 embryos showed TNF and TNFR2 mRNA transcription and protein colocalization. The presence of embryos increased endometrial TNF and TNFR2 protein, whereas endometrial leukocytes decreased. Blastocysts exposed to the uterine tract had undetectable levels of TNF and lower levels of TNFR2 mRNA. These results suggest that the endometrium might lower the TNF concentration in the blastocyst by (1) regulating TNF secretion into the uterine fluid and (2) inducing decreased TNF and TNFR2 mRNA transcription in the embryo. Thus, TNF and TNFR2 might participate in early embryomaternal communication.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02634871
Contributor : Migration Prodinra <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, May 27, 2020 - 4:39:36 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 29, 2021 - 11:36:04 AM

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E. Gomez, D. Martin, S. Carrocera, S. Perez, Nathalie Peynot, et al.. Early embryonic and endometrial regulation of tumor necrosis factor and tumor necrosis factor receptor 2 in the cattle uterus. Theriogenology, Elsevier, 2015, 83 (6), pp.1028-1037. ⟨10.1016/j.theriogenology.2014.12.007⟩. ⟨hal-02634871⟩

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